Transparency International since 1995 annually releases its Corruption Perception Index, a ranking of countries by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys.
Just last week the group released the 2019 edition of the rankings which has seen Ghana fall two places further from its 78th position in 2018 to 80th, out of some 180 countries.
A lot of times, the two major political parties: the New Patriotic Party and the National Democratic Congress who are the only parties to rule in the Fourth Republic tend to make reference to the annual rankings by Transparency International to either make a defence in their case or to chide their opponent.
GhanaWeb.com in this report brings you a review of Ghana’s annual performance on the Corruption Perception Index under the various administrations of the Fourth Constitutional Republic of Ghana.
Jerry John Rawlings – NDC 1992/2001
Even though the Corruption Perception Indexing was instituted in 1995, 3 years after the commencement of Ghana’s Fourth Constitutional Republic, it had to take another three years for the country to make its debut on the rankings in 1998.
This was under the leadership of Jerry John Rawlings, who prior to the 1992 elections had spent years ruling as a military leader.
When Ghana debuted in 1998, the country placed 55 out of 85 countries with a score of 3.6. The scoring system by then was between 1 to 10. The score related to perceptions of the degree of which corruption is seen by business people with a perfect score of 10.00 meaning a totally corruption-free country.
Ghana was ranked 65 out of 99 countries, earning a score of 3.3 in 1999. In 2000, Ghana despite placing 54 in the rankings made a score of 3.5 with the total number of countries ranked reducing to 95.
The legacy of Jerry John Rawlings who cumulatively (military and constitutional terms) ruled Ghana for over 20 years, when it comes to corruption fight is one that Ghanaians remain split over. In his term, one of the most controversial issues of corruption was the sale of some state factories and assets.
Whilst the former president has justified his decisions on several occasions, his critics continue to cite the sale of some state factories and assets as some of the corrupt acts under his regime.
John Agyekum Kufuor – NPP 2001/2008
2002 being the first year of John Agyekum Kufuor’s two terms in office saw Ghana being ranked to 59 out of 91 countries, with a reduced score of 3.4. In 2002 Ghana placed 50 in the rankings out of a total of 102 countries with a score of 3.9.
2003 was bad for Ghana as the country received a score 3.3 which earned the nation 73 in the ranking out of 133 nations. In the final year of Kufuor’s first term, Ghana placed 64 out of 145 countries scoring 3.6.
In 2005 Ghana slipped by rank and was placed 65 out of 158 countries with a score of 3.5. 2006 was no good as the country was ranked farther to 70 out of 165 countries with a score of 3.3.